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Baliem Valley – Jayawijaya

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FromUS$1,300
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3 Days 2 Nights
Availability : Whole year
Sentani Airport Jayapura
Wamena
Min Age : 10
Max People : 50
Tour Details
English
Bahasa

Fighting is Not For Killing! Dani Tribe fights to defense their greatness. In the Baliem Valley of Papua, they share a homeland with the other tribes, Yali and Lani. War is only the case if their dignity gets insulted. For them, war is a battle in the name of the ancestors. With all the best weapons and attributes, they jump into the arena. They equivocally do not kill each other. The injured  get taken out of the ring otherwise. This war tradition keeps existing and has transformed into a war dance which is the main show for tourists in the Baliem Valley today.

 

Baliem Valley

Located in the heart of Papua, in the valley of Jayawijaya Mountains, Baliem Valley is known as the land of the Dani, Yali, and Lani . All three tribes live in harmony. The women live in eweai, the men  in honai, and the village headmen or elders in the Main House. Now, all of them still practice the war dance as a reminder to keep living in such way.

Baliem was firstly discovered by an American zoologist, Richard Archbold within an expedition in 1938. Since then, no one in this world can ignore its beauty that keeps attracting lots of tourists every year.

 

War dance

Tribes around Baliem have a tradition of fighting to defend their villages or to revenge. They see a war is a way to show the pride rather than a lust for killing.

Jumping into the battlefield, each performs their own best costume, accessories, and weapon. Long spears of 4.5 meters, bows, arrows are their main weapon. The war is only for hurting, not for killing. If one get injured, he will be carried off the battlefield.

The war becomes the main attraction of the Baliem Valley Festival. There is a scenario over the war. It usually starts with a trigger, for example, the murder of tribe’s members then ends in an act of revenge or invasion to other tribes.

 

Baliem Valley Festival

The festival presents art and cultural performances of Baliem people consist of music, dance, crafts, traditional ceremonies, and culinary as well. War Dance is the most awaited attraction in which each tribe shows identity through the costume. Dani’s koteka is smaller than Lani’s as Dani’s body size is the biggest of all tribesmen. Yet, the Yali’s koteka has a different shape. It is a long, slender koteka with rattan belt that is not found on Dani’s and Lani’s. Koteka is generally made of gourd skin equipped with accessories made of feathers of cassowary or bird of paradise.

While men wear koteka, women wear Sali. It’s a skirt made of grasses or fern fibers. They bring along with them the woven bag, noken, when they go to the farms or hunting.

The festival is pumped up by some pork dishes, traditional music, and dance. Here you have a chance to learn the traditions of more than 40 tribes without having to travel distances and rough paths to Papua hinterland.

 

The Mummy from Papua

Mummy doesn’t only exist in Egypt. In Aikima Village, there’s a 250 years old mummy of a tribe leader Werupak Elosak. Also in Jiwika Village, there is another one aged 278 years of a warlord Wim Motok Mabel. The dead are usually buried, but for the sake of people’s fully respect, they decided to mummify those two special men. Elosak was known wise and sympathetic while Motok Mabel was brave and charismatic.

 

Jibama market Wamena

To visit Jibama Market is to visit a whole part of Wamena. Located about 2 kilometers from the city center of Wamena, Jibama appears as an ethnographic exhibition. All stuff or equipment related to Papuan daily life are available, such as koteka, sali, noken, carvings, sculptures, hunting tools, weapons, crowns of tribe leader, etc. Merchants arrange goods on the floor or on the modest stall.

The crowded Jibama is where you always find something to be amazed. Local women called mama sitting behind piles of oranges. Say “I want to buy a kilogram of oranges”, but sorry, there’s no such way at Jibama. Buyer should pick the pile: the small, medium, or high one. Butchers are all males and most of them sell pigs. The way of mama process sago into flour also worths your attention. Anyway, never go home without buying the famous red fruit that is good for health. (730)

Berperang Bukan Membunuh. Suku Dani berperang demi mempertahankan kebesaran sukunya. Di Lembah Baliem, Papua, mereka berbagai wilayah dengan suku lain, Yali dan Lani. Perang hanya terjadi jika martabat mereka terusik. Bagi mereka, perang adalah pertarungan martabat nenek moyang. Dengan semua senjata dan atribut terbaik, mereka berlaga di arena. Uniknya, mereka tidak saling membunuh. Yang terluka segera dibawa keluar arena. Tradisi perang terus hidup dan menjelma dalam tarian yang menjadi pertunjukan utama bagi para wisatawan di Lembah Baliem.

 

Lembah Baliem

Terletak di jantung Pulau Papua, di lembah Pegunungan Jayawijaya, Lembah Baliem dikenal sebagai tanah Suku Dani, Suku Yali, dan Suku Lani. Ketiga suku hidup berdampingan dan rukun satu sama lain. Para perempuan tinggal di dalam eweai, yang laki-laki di dalam honai sementara kepala desa atau tetua desa tinggal di Rumah Induk. Ketiga suku itu hingga kini melestarikan tari perang sebagai pengingat untuk selalu menjaga kerukunan.

Lembah Baliem ditemukan pertama kali oleh seorang ahli zoologi berkebangsaan Amerika, Richard Archbold dalam sebuah ekspedisi di tahun 1938. Sejak itu, seluruh dunia pun terpikat. Keindahan alam dan budaya masyarakat Lembah Baliem inilah yang menarik antusiasme wisatawan untuk membanjiri perhelatan Festival Lembah Baliem di setiap tahunnya.

Tari Perang

Suku-suku yang mendiami Lembah Baliem memiliki tradisi berperang untuk mempertahankan desa-desa mereka atau membalaskan dendam atas anggota suku yang tewas. Perang bagi mereka bukan nafsu membunuh, melainkan cara untuk menunjukkan kebesaran suku mereka masing-masing.

Saat turun ke medan perang, setiap suku menampilkan pakaian, aksesori, dan senjata terbaik yang mereka miliki. Tombak sepanjang 4,5 meter, busur, dan anak panah adalah senjata andalan mereka. Perang itu bertujuan melukai, bukan membunuh. Bahkan, prajurit yang terluka akan segera digotong keluar arena perang.

Atraksi Tari Perang menjadi pertunjukan utama dalam Festival Lembah Baliem. Pertunjukan ini menampilkan skenario perang yang terjadi antara suku-suku di sekitar Lembah Baliem. Cerita biasanya dimulai dengan pemicu perang, misalnya pembunuhan anggota suku. Kemudian dilanjutkan dengan aksi pembalasan dendam dan penyerbuan ke suku lainnya.

 

Festival Lembah Baliem

Festival ini  mempersembahkan pertunjukan seni dan budaya dari suku-suku yang bermukim di Lembah Baliem berisi musik, tari, kerajinan tangan, upacara tradisional, serta kuliner khas Papua. Tari Perang tentu saja menjadi acara puncak yang paling ditunggu.

Setiap suku menampilkan identitas masing-masing, salah satunya melalui pakaian mereka. Koteka milik Suku Dani ukurannya lebih kecil dibanding kotekanya Suku Lani. Itu karena ukuran tubuh laki-laki Dani lebih besar dari mayoritas laki-laki Lani.  Koteka suku Yali lain lagi. Koteka Yali berbentuk panjang, ramping , dan dilengkapi sabuk rotan yang tidak terdapat pada koteka Dani dan Lani. Koteka laki-laki Baliem umumnya terbuat dari kulit labu air dan dilengkapi penutup kepala yang terbuat dari bulu cendrawasih atau kasuari.

Jika laki-laki menggunakan koteka, perempuan mengenakan sali. Bentuknya berupa rok terbuat dari rumput atau serat pakis.  Tak lupa mereka menggantungkan tas anyaman tali, noken, jika hendak memanen hasil kebun atau membawa hewan hasil berburu.

Festival juga dimeriahkan dengan pesta masakan daging babi yang khas Lembah Baliem diiringi musik dan tarian tradisional. Siapapun yang menghadiri festival ini berkesempatan mempelajari berbagai tradisi dari 40 suku lebih tanpa harus menaklukkan jauhnya jarak dan beratnya medan perjalanan ke pedalaman Papua.

 

Ada Mumi di Papua

Mumi nyatanya bukan hanya ada di Mesir. Di Desa Aikima, ada mumi kepala suku Werupak Elosak berumur 250 tahun. Begitu juga di Desa Jiwika ada mumi panglima perang, Wim Motok Mabel, berusia 278 tahun. Menurut tradisi, orang mati biasanya dibakar, namun saking cintanya penduduk setempat pada kedua tokoh itu, mereka memilih mengabadikan kedua tokoh dalam mumi supaya terus dikenang. Werupak Elosak dulunya dikenal bijaksana dan ramah, sedangkan Wim Motok Mabel terkenal gagah berani dan sangat berwibawa.

 

Pasar Jibama Wamena

Konon, mengunjungi Pasar Jibama sama dengan mengunjungi seluruh Wamena. Berjarak 2 kilometer dari pusat kota Wamena, Pasar Jibama ibarat sebuah pameran etnografi. Hampir semua pernak-pernik dan peralatan yang berkaitan dengan kehidupan sehari-hari orang Papua ada di sini, antara lain koteka, Sali, noken, patung-patung pahatan, alat berburu, perlengkapan perang, mahkota kepala suku, dll. Para pedagang menggelar dagangannya itu di atas tanah atau lapak sederhana.

Pasar ini selalu ramai dan penuh keunikan. Mama-mama duduk di belakang tumpukan-tumpukan jeruk. Jangan katakan “beli jeruk sekilo”. Tak ada ukuran ons atau kilogram.  Pembeli harus memilih tumpukan: tumpukan kecil, sedang, atau tinggi. Penjual daging hampir semuanya laki-laki dan mayoritas berjualan babi. Aksi mama membuat tepung sagu secara tradisional juga menjadi pemandangan menarik. Dan jangan lupa untuk membeli sari buah merah yang terkenal khasiatnya bagi kesehatan tubuh. (717)

Departure & Return Location

Sentani Airport Jayapura

 

Departure Time

3 Hours Before Flight Time

Price Includes

  • Hotel in Wamena
  • Meals during the stay in Wamena (Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner)
  • Land Transportation during stay in Wamena
  • Travel permits from the Police Office in Wamena

Price Excludes

  • Flight Ticket
  • Personal health insurance and travel
  • Overweight luggage fees, tipping and laundry

Complementaries

  • Mineral Water
What to Expect
  • Permits
  • Jibama Market
  • Napua Waterfall
  • Sumpaima Village
  • Suroba & Dugum Village Visit
  • Traditional Dani Tribe Village, Mummy
  • White Crystal Sands
Itinerary

Day 0Denpasar Fly To Jayapura

Organizing permits, half day tour visiting Papua Anturo Museum, Wood Barks Painting and cruising, World War II Monument and Sunset Point.

Day 1Jayapura Fly To Wamena

Arrive at Wamena, check in to the hotel and visiting Baliem Valley’s viewpoint & Napua Waterfall and see endemic birds alongside Dani valley. Back to the hotel at 05:00 PM (flexible)

Day 2Sumpaima

Visiting Sumpaima village, taking a 25 to minutes drive. This is where the Dani tribe will simulate the War ceremony & steamed rock cooking ceremony will be held. It takes 2 to 3 hours for the earth steaming cooking is done. Moreover, you will see the Dani chief kill the pigs, grilling, peeling & cook it in the earth oven. Finally, the Dani tribe members will sell Papuan souvenirs for the rest of the time we’re there. At 12/1 PM, we will:
1. visit the 250 years old Papuan mummy at Jiwika village
2. track into the wild rain forest to see the salt river & see the Baliem Valley panoramic view
3. have a culture tour to Suroba & Dugum village
4. White Crystal Sand made naturally by water from the rains flowing to the valley

Day 3Back to the airport

The guest will be dropped off at Wamena airport and that will be the end of our service.

Map
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